To be able to enjoy a comfortable retirement later you need to start saving now. Here are some tips for a future free from money worries.
Money to spare? Top up your pension
Making contributions to your pension fund is the most tax-efficient way of saving, as contributions benefit from income tax relief at your highest rate.
Rather than guess, you should work out what you have already accumulated, how much income this might give you when you retire and how much income you are likely to need to be financially independent. Then you will be able to work out whether you need to save more. It is best to ask a financial adviser to help you work out these figures, as calculating them is complex and you need to make sure they are as accurate as possible.
If you do need to save more, in most cases you should consider making additional contributions into your employers’ scheme or a personal pension. You pay contributions out of taxed income, but the government tops up your contributions by the amount of tax you paid on them. For instance, if you are a basic rate taxpayer, for every £80 you pay in the government pays in an additional £20.
Check your pension at least once a year. If you have personal pensions or are a member of schemes that are based on defined contributions (ie which are not based on defined benefits such as final or career average salary), perhaps from previous jobs, you should make sure that the funds are invested in a way that matches your objectives (see making your money work hard section). To do this you should consult a professional financial adviser.
Still got money to spare?
If you still have even a few pounds spare each month, consider increasing your mortgage repayments, assuming that your mortgage provider allows you to do this. Over payments go towards paying off the amount you have borrowed, gradually reducing the amount you owe.
Do you have money, over and above “rainy day” money equivalent to roughly three months’ expenditure, sitting in cash saving accounts? If so and you are saving for the medium-to-longer term, consider moving the money to stock market-based investment funds. This will give them the potential to work harder for you.
Cash you have in savings accounts is earning very little in interest and will therefore have been decreasing in value in real terms since 2008. To buy something now that cost £100 in 2008 you would need £130.90 (Source http://www.in2013dollars.com/2008-GBP-in-2018). So unless your savings have grown by 30.90% in the last ten years you are worse off now than you were ten years ago.
In contrast, during the 10 years ended November of 2018, the FTSE 100 returned 63% (Source https://www.forecast-chart.com/historical-ftse-100.html). Stock market investments are inherently risky – the value of stocks, shares and funds can go down as well as up – but there are ways of reducing risk. One is by not buying individual stocks, shares, bonds or other types of investments directly. Most people put their money into one or more investment funds that then invest the pool of investors’ money across a broad range of types of investments. This ensures that you do not have all your eggs in one basket.
Past performance is no guarantee of future returns.
Another is by choosing investment funds that are managed in a way that suits your attitude to risk. Some people are more willing or can afford to take more risk than others. Your financial adviser will help you work out your risk profile and can then recommend investment funds that match it. Your risk profile may change with your age and circumstances.
Don’t miss out
Do you have premium bonds? If so, does National Savings and Investments have your correct address? If they do, they will notify you if one of your numbers comes up. If they don’t, contact them and find out whether you are among the 1.5 million or so unclaimed prize-winners (Source: NS&I, August 2018 https://www.nsandi-adviser.com/august-2018-premium-bonds-prizes)
The value of your investments can go down as well as up, so you could get back less than you invested. A pension is a long-term investment. The fund value may fluctuate and can go down. Your eventual income may depend upon the size of the fund at retirement, future interest rates and tax legislation. Tax advice which contains no investment element is not regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority.