The good news is that you still have time to sort things out Here is a check list of what you need to do to ensure you get as much income in retirement as you can.
Check your retirement age
When you first started work you probably expected to retire at 60. Now you are unlikely to get your state pension until you turn 66. Why not use the government’s online facility at www.gov.uk/state-pension-age to find when you will be entitled to receive the state pension?
Will you get the full state pension?
Have you had a career break, for instance to raise a family or maybe you were out of work for a while, or worked abroad? Were you one of the many people who opted out of SERPs in the 1980s and 1990s? If so, you should check whether or not you will get the full state pension. The pension is based on your National Insurance contributions and in some cases it is possible to top these up. Go to the check your state pension website at www.gov.uk/check-state-pension to find out how much you will get.
Do you have pensions from previous employers?
Have you worked for more than one employer? If you have, then you are likely to be a member of more than one pension scheme. Dig out the paperwork and contact the pension scheme to find out how much you are likely to be entitled to and when. It is worthwhile also finding out what the transfer value is.
Do all your pensions give you a guaranteed amount?
Public sector pensions generally give you a guaranteed income for the rest of your life when you retire. These are known as defined benefits pensions. Private sector pensions generally provide you with a pot of money and it is up to you how you use it to generate the income you need for the rest of your life. These are known as defined contribution pensions as they are based on the amount that has accumulated in the pot over time.
Will your pension income be enough?
If you have had a career break for whatever reason, or if you have not made additional contributions into your pension, you may find that the total amount of income you will receive from your various pensions is not enough for you to live the life you envisage once you stop work.
How to get more income
Well, you could consider working longer, and delay taking your pensions. Maybe you have savings you can use to generate more income. What about your home? If you have a spare room you could rent that out, but that may not be the kind of retirement you envisaged. Maybe you could downsize, but moving home is expensive and you need to be sure that it would give you the extra cash you need. If you own your home you may be eligible for what is known as a lifetime mortgage.
Consult a professional financial adviser
If all this sounds a bit complicated, then talk to a professional financial adviser.
The value of your investments, and the income you receive from them, can go down as well as up. A pension is a long-term investment and inflation will reduce how much your income is worth over the years. Your eventual income may depend upon the size of the fund at retirement, future interest rates and tax legislation.